Flow Measurement & Gas Compression Foundations
Course End Date:
• Recall the basics of fluid mechanics
• Identify the fundamental problems related to uncertainty
• Compare the different methods of measuring flow in the oil and gas industries
• Describe the various methods of level measurement.
• Compare the different methods used to derive strapping tables.
• Evaluate the different custody transfer standards in use today.
• Contrast the methods used in flow calibration.
• Identify the different types of prover systems
• Explain the methodology used in truck custody transfer
• Examine the challenges regarding pipelines
• Describe the basics of leak detection
• Analyze the methodology for monitoring and controlling production losses
• Evaluate a variety of API standards
• The function of rotating machines used in KOC as well as how gas is compressed and transported
• To provide an appreciation of the configuring and operating theory of the Prime mover, & turbine
• To identify the turbine components & systems configuration
• To review the operational procedures to run rotating equipment and process facilities
• To discuss and identify the instrument, mechanical and electrical basics of turbines, compressors and auxiliaries
• By the end of this course, participants will be familiar with:
Gas compression systems
Principles and operation of the compression system
Procedures to run rotating equipment and process facilities
Troubleshooting basics and normal vs. abnormal operation scenarios for turbines and compressors
Pre-starting and starting procedures for turbines
Loading and offloading of gas compressors
Safe, emergency and fire shutdown of turbines
• This program is specifically tailored for any personnel who are, or will be, responsible for designing, selecting, sizing,
specifying, installing, testing, operating and maintaining instrumentation related to the field of custody level and flow
• This could include facilities, process, chemical, electrical, instrumentation, maintenance, and mechanical engineers
• Operators I
• All staff working in the Gas Operations field
Part one: Flow Measurement Foundations
• Fluid mechanics.
• Properties of hydrocarbons.
• Flow meter classification.
• Uncertainty analysis.
• Flow measurement.
• Differential pressure flow meters.
• Oscillatory flow measurement.
• Positive displacement.
• Ultrasonic flow meters.
• Coriolis mass flow meters.
• Level measurement.
• Buoyancy tape systems.
• Hydrostatic pressure.
• Ultrasonic measurement.
• Radar measurement.
• Custody transfer standards.
• Flow calibration.
• Terminal custody transfer.
• Tank management systems.
• Lease automatic custody transfer.
• Truck custody transfer.
• Pipeline considerations.
• Fugitive emissions.
• Leak detection.
• Real time transient model.
• Loss control systems.
• Custody Transfer Sampling.
• Monitoring and controlling production losses.
• Physical leaks.
• Meter prover performance.
• API standards.
• Measuring the suspended S&W content.
• Calculating net volume.
• Flowmeter selection and costs.
• Initial considerations.
• Meter selection Measurement of LPG and LNG.
Part Two: Gas Compression Foundations
• Booster station configuration and process diagram highlighting major differences in booster station configuration
• Introduction to gas compressor configuration and design
• Startup and shutdown procedure for turbines and compressors
• Equipment characteristics and drive systems
• Turbine and compressor monitoring in the control room
• Gas turbine and compressor operating normal condition and operating curve
• Application of LP/HP dry gas seals
• Simple simulation
• Troubleshooting techniques
• Various types of routine, emergency and fire shutdowns
• Failure reporting
• Safety and fire devices
• Examples and exercises