Understand Reservoir Souring, Water Handling, and Water Breakthrough

Course Properties

Course date: 11-02-2018
Course End Date: 15-02-2018
Location Cairo


   This training program provides an overview of the main water handling systems. The chemistry of the main water related problems of mineral scales, corrosion, bacteria, and oily water will be reviewed both from the theoretical and practical aspects. Produced water treatment equipment and typical water quality specifications will be reviewed as well as water injection and disposal systems. An exercise will be given to identify typical system problems and you will be able to apply the knowledge you gained to propose solutions. Emphasis will be placed on understanding and resolving operational problems in process equipment.

    Water handling, treatment and disposal represent the biggest operating cost for most oilfield operators methods, equipment and tools used for testing, diagnosing, and minimizing water production from oil and gas wells. Reservoir engineering and surface facility aspects of water handling, treatment, and injection on performance and oil recovery by water flood are discussed. Significant cost savings can be achieved in all aspects of water production, handling and disposal through better diagnostic tools, better water handling and better treatment and re-injection strategies. The workshop covers the fundamental theory, and the latest technological developments. It particularly emphasizes field application through lots of practical field examples, exercises and case studies.


Course Objective:

              • Covers the basic needs, understanding reservoir souring and water breakthrough issues
              • Multi-dimensional and multidiscipline level problem solving
              • Trouble shoot basic operation and equipment
              • Grip on typical problems and underlying failures covering hand on example
              • Communications results within plant and between several  plant  using company prescribed procedures, protocols

                  and media to train others

              • Communication observations ,findings and results to fields development and reservoir studies (RST) TEAMS

                  THROUGH designated  person-in charge of water  handling facilities
              • Analysis  start up , shut down utility failure ,ESD, process major  upsets., Cause and effect scenarios  flares scenarios 

                  ,materials  safety data  sheets
              • Water monitoring, sampling and analysis for set up a treatment system.
              • How to handle and control the excessive water production.
              • Identify & diagnoses the side effect of water problems

             • How to set up Corrosion control system
              • How to overcome the water problems in upstream and downstream operations.
              • Examples of troubles shooting and field solutions.
              • Recognize the water treatment  methods
              • Understand the water injection system and its impact on reservoir  performance

              • Outline the water treating equipment , theory of operation, advantages and disadvantages, and the importance

                 of oil droplet size
              • Identify the quality of Water injection and disposal systems – theory of
operation, corrosion, scale, and biological

              • Know what is new in Oil and gas production
              • Demonstrate Real Case studies.


Target Audience

      This course is aimed at Field operators (water handling) Production, Engineers, Petroleum Engineers, Reservoir Engineers, chemists, and operators who need to understand water problems in water flooding project.


Training Methodology:

   The interactive training workshop includes the following training methodologies as a percentage of total tuition hours:
               • 50% Lectures,
               • 30% Workshops, Group Work, Practical Exercises and Case Studies,
               • 20% Videos film CD-DVD.


Course Contents:

              • Basic concepts of reservoir souring and water breakthrough
              • Identification and definition of reservoir souring   and water breakthrough.
              • What is a “water flood”?
              • How does it work?
              • What types of properties make better candidates?

              • How does the water flood work?
              • Appling operational trouble shooting techniques to arrive to the cause and to eliminate it through a solution

              • Process and equipment  problems  including past problems  associated with start up, shut down,

              • Prolonged feed specification , sea water  and effluent water quality and chemical dosage problems
              • Pressure Management iamb problems  

              • WATER FOOD EXAMPLE
              • Factors Affecting Waterflood Success
              • Types of Oil Reservoirs More  Favorable for Water flood
              • Integrity management  in water injection  wells
              • Real case sturdy ( Morgan Water flood Plant Chemical Treatment )

              • Morgan Water flood Plant Injection Water Quality
              • Morgan Water flood Plant Chemical Treatment
              • A Annulus Pressure Management
              • Water injection problems
              • The injection well integrity

              • Determining injection profiles
              • Designing drilling patterns
              • Determining the reservoirs response to water influx
              • Water lifting/transfer from source location
              • Filtration

              • Chemical injection
              • Water property monitoring/recording
              • High pressure, high flow rate pumping equipment
              • Skilled operational personnel
              • Installation and operation of temporary injection facilities

              • Exposure to new technologies
              • Optimization of chemicals
              • Quality control
              • The Water Treatment Plant Operator
              • Water Sources and Treatment

              • Reservoir Management and Intake Structures
              • Filtration
              • Corrosion Control
              • Types of water problems
              • Tools of diagnosis the water problems

              • Methods of water control
              • Monitoring and analysis the water production
              • Group work
              • Real case studies
              • Water separation and treatment

              • Layouts of Field Production Facilities
              • Scale, Bacteria and Corrosion Problems
              • Water treatment method s
              • Methods  of corrosion monitoring
              • Chemical treatment and corrosion control

              • Videos film CD-DVD
              • Practical exercise
              • The role of operations optimizations to avoid corrosion


Water injection

             • Injection well test
              • Water Quality Requirements for Re-injection  
              • Impact of water injection on  Reservoir performance
              •  Layout of the produced water  treatment
              • Water injection  CASE STUDY