Lab. Problem solving and Management (Chemistry Issues)

Course Properties

Course date: 31-12-2017
Course End Date: 04-01-2018
Location Cairo

Course Description:

   Analytical chemistry, however, is much more than a collection of analytical methods and an understanding of equilibrium chemistry; it is an approach to solving chemical problems. This course I designed to describe Troubleshooting and problem solving production chemistry issues and their interpretations.

   The goal in preparing this Course is to find a more appropriate balance between theory and practice, between “classical” and “modern” analytical methods, between analyzing samples and collecting samples and preparing them for analysis, and between analytical methods and data analysis.

         

    •  Optional, the Course includes On Job Training (OJT)


Who should attend?

   Laboratories chemists and lab technicians in oil fields, power stations, water treatment systems, chemical and petrochemical industries, and in oil refineries,etc.


Curse objectives:

    After completion this course, laboratory managers, staff, and others who might be affected should:

              • Describe the practice of analytical chemistry

              • Teach the proper use and importance of measurement statistics

              • Teach proper solution handling and standards preparation

              • Explain all injection Chemicals in Production and Optimize dosing rates.

              • Describe the Structure of all chemicals used in Chemical treatment of crude oil and water injection including knowhow

                  of Secrets of chemicals supplied by chemical suppliers.

 

              • Reinforce the principles of good laboratory practice

              • Provide a basic understanding of common analytical techniques

              • Provide guidance on the appropriate choice of technique for a given size & type of sample

              • Correctly identify absolute and relative errors, and use significant figures

              • Identify random and systematic errors, and calculate uncertainties and confidence intervals

 

              • Present results correctly, and test for precision and accuracy

              • Correctly prepare standard solutions and use appropriate calibration methods

              • Use appropriate software to perform scientific calculations and produce graphs

              • Be familiar with the correct use of volumetric glassware to prepare solutions and perform titrations

              • Be familiar with the correct use and operation of pH and ion-selective electrodes

 

              • Be familiar with the correct use and operation of spectrometers, including UV / Visible, FTIR, and flame atomic 

                 absorption/emission

              • Be familiar with basic chromatographic theory, and the operation of ion chromatographs for water analysis

              • Be familiar with good laboratory practice (GLP) and the development of standard operating

                procedures (SOPS)

Course outlines:

              • Introduction to Analytical Science

                               Analytical Science Defined

                               Classifications of Analysis

                               The Sample

                               The Analytical Strategy

                               Analytical Technique and Skills

                               The Laboratory Notebook

                               Errors, Statistics, and Statistical Control


              • Optimize Chemical Injection and Problem Solving

                               Types of chemical used in treatment

                               Performance Testing of injection Chemicals

                               Philosophy of oil and gas treatment

                               Demulsifiers & Demulsification

                               Hydrate Inhibitors

                               Corrosion Inhibitors

                               Oxygen Scavengers

                               Biocides

                               Scale Inhibitors

                               Pour-point Depressants and Flow Improvers

                               Coagulant and Polyelectrolyte injection

                               Optimization of Chemicals injection

                               Discussion on the application of the different treatment programs and actual case studies


              • Sampling and Sample Preparation

                               Introduction

                               Obtaining the Sample

                               Statistics of Sampling

                               Sample Handling

                               Sample Preparation: Solid Materials

                               Sample Preparation: Liquid Samples, Extracts, and Solutions of Solids

                               Reagents Used in Sample Preparation

                               Labeling and Record Keeping


              • Gravimetric Analysis

                               Introduction

                               Weight vs. Mass

                               The Balance

                               Calibration and Care of Balances

                               When to Use Which Balance

                               Details of Gravimetric Methods


              • Introduction to Titrimetric Analysis

                               Introduction

                               Terminology

                               Review of Solution Concentration

                               Review of Solution Preparation

                               Stoichiometry of Titration Reactions

                               Standardization

                               Percent Analyte Calculations

                               Volumetric Glassware

                               Pipetters, Automatic Titrators, and Other Devices

                               Calibration of Glassware and Devices


              • Applications of Titrimetric Analysis

                               Introduction

                               Acid–Base Titrations and Titration Curves

                               Complex Ion Formation Reactions

                               Oxidation–Reduction Reactions


              • Introduction  to Instrumental  Analysis

                               Review of the Analytical Strategy

                               Instrumental Analysis Methods

                               Basics of Instrumental Measurement

                               Details of Calibration

                               Preparation of Standards

                               Blanks and Controls

                               Effects of Sample Pretreatment on Calculations

                               Laboratory Data Acquisition and Information Management


              • Introduction to Spectrochemical Methods

                               Introduction

                               Characterizing Light

                               The Electromagnetic Spectrum

                               Absorption and Emission of Light

                               Absorbance, Transmittance, and Beer’s Law

                               Effect of Concentration on Spectra


              • UV-VIS and IR Molecular Spectrometry

                               Review

                               UV-VIS Instrumentation

                               Cuvette Selection and Handling

                               Interferences, Deviations, Maintenance, and Troubleshooting

                               Fluorometry

                               Introduction to IR Spectrometry

                               IR Instrumentation

                               Sampling

                               Solid Sampling

                               Basic IR Spectra Interpretation

                               Quantitative Analysis


              • Atomic Spectroscopy

                               Review and Comparisons

                               Brief Summary of Techniques and Instrument Designs

                               Flame Atomic Absorption

                               Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption

                               Inductively Coupled Plasma

                               Miscellaneous Atomic Techniques

                               Summary of Atomic Techniques


              • Other Spectroscopic Methods

                               Introduction to X-Ray Methods

                               X-Ray Diffraction Spectroscopy

                               X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy

                               Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

                               Mass Spectrometry


              • Analytical Separations

                               Introduction

                               Recrystallization

                               Distillation

                               Liquid–Liquid Extraction

                               Solid–Liquid Extraction

                               Chromatography

                               Types of Chromatography

                               Chromatography Configurations

                               Electrophoresis


              • Gas Chromatography

                               Introduction

                               Instrument Design

                               Sample Injection

                               Columns

                               Other Variable Parameters

                               Detectors

                               Qualitative Analysis

                               Quantitative Analysis

                               Troubleshooting


              • Ion Exchange Chromatography

                               Introduction

                               Ion exchange technique

                               Sample Injection

                               Column Selection

                               Chemical Suppressors

                               Detectors

                               Qualitative and Quantitative Analyses

                               Troubleshooting


              • Lab. Management Operations

                               Role of a Supervisor

                               Case Study – The New Supervisor

                               Case Study – The Friendly Supervisor

                               Stages of quality achievement.

                                                - Q.C.

                                                - Total quality management.

                                                - Different approaches to quality (differences between TQM and ISO 9000).

                                                - ISO 17025

                               The process of establishing a Q.C. function.

                               Essential testing procedures for crude oil.