Electrical System Safety Requirements

Course Properties

Course date: 19-11-2017
Course End Date: 23-11-2017
Location Cairo

Course Objective:

     The program will provide a clear understanding of hazardous area current custom and practice with particular respect to the following:

                • Defining the hazard, classifying hazard materials, understanding the nature of the risk and the necessity to

                     eliminate sources of ignition
                • The relationship between area classification and the various different types of Ex apparatus
                • The relationship between electrical equipment and gas groups and temperature classes
                • The installation and maintenance of the different types of equipment i.e. flameproof, increased safety, intrinsic

                    safety etc
                • The need for, and typical approach to, electrical equipment inspection
                • The documentation of the hazardous area.

Who Should Attend:

  This program is a comprehensive training package which involves a combination of formal lectures, practical exercises, demonstrations and written exercises.

 

It is primarily aimed at:

  Safety, electrical, and instrumentation engineers or technicians
It is assumed that most attendees will be familiar with industrial electrical practice although specific prior knowledge of hazardous areas is not a prerequisite.

 .

Course Contents:

             • A brief history of Industrial fires and explosions
             • Materials
             • Understanding the important characteristics of hazard materials and how they behave when they are ignited.

                 Looking at the data tables and seeing how, Flash point, boiling point, L.E.L. etc. influence our approach to

                 the materials


             • Area Classification
             • A look at the techniques and the procedures that result in the formal allocations of zones zero, one and two 


             • Sources of Hazard, duration of release, extent of zones, calculations, nature of hazard and release characteristics
             • Area Classification Exercise
             • An exercise carried out in syndicate groups where a small plant is classified against the IP code of practice.

                This will give attendees a much clearer idea of what zone 0, zone1, and zone2 really mean at their own place

                of work


             • Apparatus Groups and Temperature Classes
             • How apparatus and hazard materials are matched together in terms of ignition energies, flame transmission

               characteristics and ignition temperatures. How groups and T Classes have changed over the years and from

               country to country and where to find the information to make comparisons


             • Source of Ignition
             • A look at some of the possible sources of ignition, e.g. static electricity, light metal thermite reactions, friction etc.,

                which can occur in hazardous areas. Also considering some of the steps which can be taken to eliminate them


             • Methods of Protection
             • Considering the recognized methods of protection. The fundamental concept in each case and the zones in which

                they may be employed
             • Ex d Flameproof


             • Ex i Intrinsic Safety
             • Ex e Increased Safety
             • Ex p Pressurized
             • Ex N Type N 
             • Ex m, Ex o, Ex q, Ex s


             • Exercise
             • A written exercise in which the relationship between zones, Apparatus groups, temperature classes and certifies

                 electrical equipment is examined
             • Ex d Flameproof
             • Considering in depth the concept of Flameproof protection, how it works, how is must be installed, how it must

                 be inspected & maintained. Looking at weatherproofing, corrosion, gaps, fasteners, etc


             • Equipment Inspection Exercise Session 1

             • Examining samples and answering questions about them
             • Intrinsic Safety
             • As for flameproof, an in depth look at the subject considering minimum ignition energies, associated apparatus

                and systems, simple apparatus, IS clean earth, floating systems, system matching, etc
             • Intrinsic Safety Installation
             • Segregation of cables, screens and Armour, earthing and bonding, induction and invasion, creep age and clearance etc


             • Increased Safety
             • An in-depth look at this concept of protection making comparisons with flameproof, and stressing the vital importance

                of correct installation. Also looking at weatherproofing IP rating, CTI, stoppers and bolts, derating etc.


             • Equipment Inspection Exercise Session 2
             • Ex p Pressurized Apparatus
             • A close examination of this method of protection, what it can be applied to, when certification is possible and how

                to maintain it. Where pressurized rooms fit in and how uncertified pressurized enclosures may be used in zone 2


             • Type N
             • A thorough examination of type N considering non-sparking, enclosed break, energy

                limitation, and restricted breathing concepts. Also making comparisons with the concepts of protection already

                covered in detail
             • The Less Common Types of Protection
             • A look at Ex m, Ex o, Ex q, and Ex s considering each in turn and pointing out the safety critical features. Also

                considering combined or dual certification and the combination of many concepts of protection into one item

                of equipment
             • Equipment Inspection Exercise Session 3


             • Labels, Marking and Certificates
             • A look at the codings, certificate numbers and other essential markings on labels and certificates. Including a paper

                exercise to identify equipment and assess its suitability for given environment

             • Installation, Inspection and Maintenance
             • Considering the guidance of National codes of practice in terms of wiring and cabling, identification, isolation,

                inspections and maintenance. Examining inspection schedules and referring back to the concepts of protection

                to ensure that the attendees are comfortable with the inspection requirements for all types of equipment.

                Prioritizing repairs, i.e. which failures are immediately life threatening and which could become so in time


             • Cable entries

             • Considering cable and conduit entries to all types of enclosures and protection concepts. Also looking at adapters

               and reducers, plugs and correct selection in each circumstance
             • Equipment Inspection Exercise Final session
             • Legislation
             • What the Law has to say, standards, certificates, codes, European directives, the HSE and how it all ties together
             • Administration and Record Keeping


             • Considering the records that should be kept by a company in order to manage a hazardous area installation
             • General Discussion: Any outstanding questions
             • Answers to the Inspection Exercise