Solid Waste Recycling Techniques

Course Properties

Course date: 10-09-2017
Course End Date: 14-09-2017
Location Cairo

Course Objective:

     Help the interested and involved parties in understanding the full dimensions of solid waste recycling, its cycle, its levels that have to be addressed every time we conduct a study on Solid Waste Recycling, its relationship with the other services and utilities in the community and sample of the current and future projects.

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Who Should Attend:
                 Potential Candidates for this course are:
                  • Municipality Managers,
                  • SWM Engineers and Practitioners,
                  • Community Leaders,
                  • SME Operators and Candidates,
                  • Waste Recycling Candidates Operators, 
                  • Lending Banks and Funding Agencies,
                  • Fellows of Environmental Studies.

Course Contents:

     First Day:
                 • Introduction to the Program
                 • Definitions of Solid Waste Management (SWM)
                 • Classification of SWM
                 • Sources of Municipal Waste
                 • Special Wastes:
                                     Home Appliances and Furniture
                                     Construction and Demolition (C&D)
                                     Sewage Sludge
                                     Auto Waste (including Rubber Tiers)
                                     Electronic Waste
                                     Dead Animals
                                     Trees and other Garden Waste


                • Hazardous Household Wastes
                • Cycle of Municipal Solid Waste:
                • Generation:
                                     Rate (Kg/P/D) 
                                     Composition 
                                     Density
                                     Other Characteristics


                 • Primary Storage:
                                     Home
                                     Gate
                                     Street (Pooling Site)


                 • Collection:
                                     Ordinary (Regular)
                                     Selective
                                     Special 
                                     Waste Collection in the Architectural Designs
                                     Frequency


                 • Street Cleaning (Sweeping)
                                     Manual
                                     Mechanical


                 • Other Municipal Services:
                                     Street Washing
                                     Washing of Public Facilities


                  • Transportation:
                                     Routing / Time Estimation
                                     Sort / Capacity / Mechanism


                 • Secondary Storage (Transfer Stations):

                                     Necessity
                                     Design


                 • Treatment:
                                     Shredding
                                     Compaction


                 • Disposal
                                     Incineration
                                     Recycling
                                     Land filling


                 • The Levels That Governs Solid Waste Management:
                                     Technical
                                     Financial
                                     Social
                                     Administrative
                                     Legal
                                     Institutional
                                     Environmental


                 • Problems that Facing Solid Waste Management:
                 • (Following the same levels)
                 • Waste Reduction Techniques
                                     Clean technology
                                     Reuse


                 • Recycle through:
                                     Sorting of Waste
                                     At Source (Western System / Egyptian System)
                                     Informal Sorting (Street / Dumpsite Scavenging)
                                     Zabbaleen System Sorting - Sorting at Sorting Centers / Composting Plants
                                     Selective Waste Collection
                                     Recycling Centers
                                     Small and Micro Enterprises (SME)
                                     Extended Producers Responsibilities


    Second Day:
                  • Typical Waste Recycling Techniques for Some Waste Materials:
                                     Organic Waste 
                                     Composting
                                     Aerobic Waste Composting
                                     Anaerobic Waste Composting
                                     Construction Material Production


                 • MDF / HDF and Other Alloys
                                     Fuel
                                     Bio-Gas
                                     RDF (Constraints for RDF)
                                     Fodder (Animal Food)


                 • Plastic
                                     Secondary Sorting (Unification of Polymers and Colors)
                                     Cutting
                                     Washing and Rinsing
                                     Granulation / Agglomeration
                                     Pelletizing
                                     Recycling
                                     Injection
                                     Blow 
                                     Extrusion


                  • Glass
                                     Reuse (in the Original and Other Uses)
                                     Molding (as Part of the Daily Patch / as a Sole Raw Material)
                                     Handicrafts (Stained Glass)
                                     Granulation
                                     Aggregate for Water & Wastewater Treatment Plants
                                     Sand for Decoration and Paints
                                     Tiles (Wall / Roof)


     Third Day:
                • Field Visit:
                                     Transfer station
                                     Composting Plant
                                     Plastic or Metal Recycling Plant (Private)


    Fourth Day:
                 • Metals
                                     Ferrous
                                     Final Products (Casting)
                                     Semi Final Products (Casting Ingots / Rolling)
                                     Non Ferrous
                                     Casting


                • Rubber
                                     Reuse
                                     Kindergartens
                                     Protecting Boats and Platforms
                                     Works from Waste Rubber
                                     Protecting Automotive Body
                                     Door Mates
                                     Flower Pots 
                                     Chair Bases
                                     Slippers
                                     Gravel Containers
                                     Elastic Strings
                                     Rubber Fillers and Joints
                                     Birds / Fish Breeding
                                     De-Vulcanization, Vulcanization and Remolding
                                     Granulation: 
                                     Aggregate for Wastewater Treatment Plants
                                     Powder for Runways and Soft Roads


                  • Bones:
                                     Handicrafts
                                     Animal Fodder
                                     Extract Fat / Gelatin
                                     Produce Activated Carbon


                  • Dimensions and Relationships of SWM with Other Services and Utilities:
                  • Marketing
                                     Demand / Supply
                                     Economy
                                     Export / Import


                  • Labor
                                     Availability 
                                     Skills


                  • Laws and Regulations
                                     Environment
                                     Labor
                                     Standards of Industrial Products


                 • Industry
                                     Raw Materials (Quantity / Quality)
                                     Production Techniques


                 • Agriculture
                                     Compost
                                     Irrigation Facilities


                  • Trade and Counter Trade
                                     Waste / Pollution Transfer (Producer Responsibility)
                                     Exchange of Resources


      Fifth Day:
                 • Businesses Relevant To SW Recycling:
                                     Waste Exchange (Local)
                                     Stock Market (Local / External)
                                     Advanced Technology
                                     Energy
                 • Case Studies

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